Coffee Triangle Birdwatching Tour

Coffee Triangle Birdwatching Tour

This Coffee Triangle Birdwatching Tour is offered in two of the 5 departments which compose the Coffee Triangle in Colombia (know more here)

Caldas and Risaralda are in the center of the Andean Region, in the heart of the Coffee Cultural Landscape. They offer immense potential for birdwatching.

Here there are ecosystems of dry forests, tropical humid forests and páramos ranging from 170 to 5,400 m, places with high density in birds and exuberant landscapes.

In Caldas there are ~850 species of birds with around 22 endemic species. In Risaralda, there are ~880 species of birds and almost 25 endemic species. Both departments have more than 40% of its territories covered by natural ecosystems which are regulated for the conservation of water and wildlife, as the “Nevados” and “Tatamá” National Parks. All these areas make possible the presence of a great biodiversity, with approximately 45% of the birds of the entire national territory.

Check Risaralda Bird Species at eBird here.

Check Caldas Bird Species at eBird here.



  • Tour Dates:
    To be defined – Tailored Trip
  • Tour Type:
    Birding and photography
  • Tour Size:
    up to maximum 10 (including guides)
  • Tour Leader:
    Jérôme Fischer
  • Local Guide:
    Arnulfo Sánchez
  • Price:
    Starting at 3450 USD

Species checklist


Day 1


International flights arrive in Bogotá. You will depart to Pereira by plane. We will pick up at the Matecaña airpot in Pereira to transport you by road to Manizales. We will have a special welcome dinner for you at the Tinamu Birding and Nature Reserve.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Dry Forest
  • Highlights:
    Little Tinamou, Colombian Chachalaca, Gray-headed Dove, Dwarf Cuckoo, Common Potoo, Common Pauraque, Rufous-breasted Hermit, Stripe-throated Hermit, Western emerald, Crimson-rumped Toucanet, Grayish Piculet, Bar-crested Antshrike, Scrub Tanager … ~ 300 sp.
White-bearded Manakin at Tinamu Birding Nature Reserve

Day 2

Tinamú Birding Nature Reserve.

This is a place with great recognition in the country for photography and birdwatching. The preservation of the reserve started over 40 years ago thanks to the respect and love for nature of the Londoño Jaramillo family, who allowed coffee plantations and banana trees to become a semi-natural forest.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Dry Forest
  • Highlights:
    Little Tinamou, Colombian Chachalaca, Gray-headed Dove, Dwarf Cuckoo, Common Potoo, Common Pauraque, Rufous-breasted Hermit, Stripe-throated Hermit, Western emerald, Crimson-rumped Toucanet, Grayish Piculet, Bar-crested Antshrike, Scrub Tanager … ~ 300 sp.
Gray-headed Dove at Tinamu Birding Nature Reserve.

Day 3

Rio Blanco Reserve 

The reserve is essential for the conservation of the water that the inhabitants of Manizales drink. It has an area of 4,932 ha of cloud forest. Its main highlight is the possibility to photograph up to five species of antpittas, among them the endemic Brown-banded Antpitta and the near endemic Bicolored Antpitta.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Cloud forest – 2,150 – 3,700 m
    Temperate to cold (24 – 15 °C)
  • Highlights:
    Masked Saltator, Rusty Faced Parrot, Golden Plumed Parakeet, Brown-banded Antpitta, Bicolored Antpitta, … ~ 350

Day 4 – Morning

Cameguadua Reservoir

The Malecón Embalse Cameguadua is an environmental project led by CHEC in the recovery of a reservoir and the construction of an aquatic ecopark. The adaptation works included landscape recovery, water cleaning and adaptation of a lake for fishing, which is visited by aquatic birds.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Reservoir – wetland
    1300 m – Temperate (23 – 17 °C)
  • Highlights:
    Blue-winged Teal,Pied-billed Grebe, Blackish Rail, Common Gallinule, Purple Gallinule, Wattled Jacana, Pectoral Sandpiper, Spotted Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper , Neotropic Cormorant, Snowy Egret, … ~ 250
Cameguadua Pier

Day 4 – Afternoon

Romelia Colors of Life

On the farm, visitors can enjoy around 840 species of orchids, an interesting variety of bonsai and ~216 species of birds. In addition, citrus and avocado production crops. All this, accompanied by a spectacular view that allows to observe the imposing mountain ranges and landscape compositions.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Agroecological landscape.
    1200 m – Temperate 23 – 17 °C
  • Highlights:
    Golden-plumed Parakeet, Bar-crested Antshrike, Crimson-rumped Toucanet , Yellow-vented Woodpecker, Golden-olive Woodpecker… ~ 250 sp
Finca Romelia Colors of Life

Day 5

Termales del Ruiz Hotel

This area is considered a buffer area of the Los Nevados National Park. It has a privileged location and a stunning landscape with spectacular gardens visited by highland bird species. It also has a full around 14 thermal sources between 28 and 91 °C with waters of very different chemical condition.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Páramo – 3500 m
    The weather is cold and there is no restriction, but for height issues we recommend to have present medical recommendations in special case.
  • Highlights:
    Andean Siskin, Shining Sunbeam, Glowing Puffleg, Red-crested Cotinga, Buff-winged Starfrontlet,  Great Sapphirewing, Slaty Brushfinch, Masked Flowerpiercer, Black-backed Bush Tanager… ~ 190 sp
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager (Anisognathus igniventris) at Termales del Ruiz Hotel, Caldas, Colombia

Day 6

El Bosque Farm – NNP Los Nevados – Laguna Negra Park 

The route covers high montane forest, dwarf forest, paramo and lagoons from 3,500 to 4,000 m. Los Nevados park has a special platform for the sighting of the Buffy Helmetcrest (E). Along the journey it is possible to find Rufous-fronted Parakeet (E), Stolzmann’s Tanager (CE), and the Andean Teal….

  • Habitats Covered:
    Páramo – 3500 m
    12 °C > T
  • Highlights:
    Buffy Helmetcrest (E), Rufous-fronted Parakeet (E), Stolzmann’s Tanager (CE), Andean Teal, Crescent-faced Antpitta, Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant,  Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan,… ~200 sp

Day 7

Otún Quimbaya Fauna and Flora Sanctuary  

It is located on the western flank of the Cordillera Central, in the upper basin of the Otún River. It is the most important ecological corridor of the region. It corresponds to natural forests in different succession states and mature forests. There are also small wetlands and forest plantations.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Subandean Forest – 1750 – 2276 m
    Temperature: 17° – 12° C
  • Highlights:
    Cauca Guan, Moustached Antpitta, Chestnut Wood-quail, Golden-plumed Parakeet, Wattled Guan, Multicolored Tanager, Torrent Duck, Red-ruffed Fruitcrow… ~ 480 sp
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow - Pyroderus scutatus

Day 8

Santa Rosa de Cabal

The observation site is in Cortaderal on the road that leads to the Otún lagoon, 2h30min from Santa Rosa de Cabal. Here it is possible to see the Indigo-winged Parrot (Hapalopsittaca fuertesi), an endemic endangered species, among other local species of the temperate forests from the Central Andes.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Páramo – 3200 – 3500 m
    Cold 12° > T
  • Highlights:
    Indigo-winged Parrot, Black-billed Mountain-Toucan, Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, Hooded Mountain-Tanager, Paramo Seedeater, … ~ 200 sp

Day 9

Tatamá National Natural Park: high 

Tatamá National Natural Park is located on the borders of the departments of Risaralda, Chocó and Valle del Cauca, within the Chocó bioregion, one of the world’s most biodiverse regions, at the western cordillera of Colombia. Many endemic and near-endemic species are found here.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Rainforest – cloud forest – 1350 – 2600
    Temperature: 23° – 17° C. The mountain range receives the monsoon winds from the Pacific Ocean, which generates high rain and humidity.
  • Highlights:
    Green-fronted Lancebill, Violet-tailed Sylph, Velvet-purple Coronet, Spot-crowned Barbet,  Purplish-mantled Tanager, Sharpe’s Wren, Munchique Wood-Wren, … ~ +500 sp
Chestnut-bellied Flowerpiercer - Diglossa gloriosissima ENDEMIC

Day 10

Tatamá National Natural Park: low part  – Montezuma lodge 

The Montezuma Ecolodge property (1350 m) sits at the entrance to the Tatamá National Park, 13 km from the summit. The lodge has 400 ha with a mix of farmland and forest. Bird feeders, flowers and fruit trees surround the house, attracting hummingbirds, tanagers, honeycreepers, euphonias and many other birds daily.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Subtropical forest – 1350 m
    Temperature: 23° – 17° – Rainy
  • Highlights:
    Tawny-bellied Hermit, Green Thorntail, Violet-tailed Sylph, Velvet-purple Coronet, Booted Racket-tail, Rufous-gaped Hillstar, Purple-bibbed Whitetip, Green-crowned Brilliant, Golden-headed Quetzal, Handsome Flycatcher, Beautiful Jay, Sharpe’s Wren, … ~ 380 sp
Olive Finch - Arremon castaneiceps

Day 11

Santa Cecilia

Located on the western flank of the Western mountain range it is a region where black, indigenous and mestizo settlers coexist. It is also one of the rainiest places in Colombia with ~263.7 rainy days per year (8.8 months). The Baudo Oropendola (Psarocolius cassini) is the main highlight of this place.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Rainforest and rural landscape – 340 m
    Warm, 28 ° C average – 4000 mm3 < Rain.
  • Highlights:
    Pacific Antwren, Baudo Oropendola.
Baudó Oropendola - Psarocolius cassini

Day 12


Close to three natural parks, Tatamá NNP and Cuchilla del San Juan and Agualinda Integrated Management Districts. Around Apia there are several ecosystems that generate high bird species diversity: Dry forest, sub Andean and high Andean forest, Paramo, and productive systems especially coffee.

  • Habitats Covered:
    Very wet premontane forest – 1630 m
    Temperate: 23° – 17°.
  • Highlights:
    Yellow-headed Brush-Finch, Yellow-headed Manakin, Multicolored Tanager, Golden-breasted Fruiteater, Barred Fruiteater, Scaled Fruiteater… ~ 250 sp
Scaled Fruiteater - Ampelioides tschudii

Day 13


Mistrató is located at the northwest of Risaralda. Due to its borders with the biogeographic Choco it has a great variety of bird species. The observation sites are open roads located in the Cuchilla del San Juan protected area. This is the area with more endemic species in Risaralda (17).

  • Habitats Covered:
    Cloud forest and Tropical dry forest
    1780 – 1500 m.s.n.m  – Temperature 23° – 17°.
  • Highlights:
    Black-and-gold Tanager, Toucan Barbet, Scaled Fruiteater, Andean Cock-of-the-rock, Purplish-mantled Tanager, … ~ 260 sp

Day 14

La Virginia – El Guásimo

It is located on the banks of the Cauca River, with high presence of aquatic birds and others that live in tropical dry forest. At el Guácimo it is possible to find the Golden-collared Manakin (Manacus vitellinus) and the Apical Flycatcher (Myiarchus apicalis), which is an endemic for the region.

  • Habitats Covered:
    River and tropical dry forest – 900 m
    Temperature: 29° – 24° C.
  • Highlights:
    Golden-collared Manakin, Apical Flycatcher, Red-rumped Woodpecker, American Kestrel, Scarlet-fronted Parakeet, Black-crowned Antshrike, Pale-breasted Spinetail, Yellow-olive Flycatcher, Mouse-colored Tyrannulet,  … ~ 220 sp
Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus)

Day 15